ADD and ADHD
The two main characteristics of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) are inattention and impulsivity. There is a third characteristic in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): hyperactivity.
In children, there is a difficulty to be steadily attentive. At school, children make careless mistakes, they pay little attention to detail and often start a task without being able to finish it. Children with ADD or ADHD tend to be distracted and have difficulty organizing and focusing. In France this often leads to the repetition of a year.
Adults with Attention Deficit Disorder or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder also have a low ability to concentrate, organize and complete tasks.
In children, impulsivity leads to mood swings, a tendency to interrupt others, and difficulty awaiting turn.
Adults with ADD or ADHD take impulsive decisions, are not very stable in their work and/or their love life and have difficulty managing stress and frustration.
Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder tend not manage to stay calm. They run, climb and talk a lot. They have trouble sitting still in class or at home.
Adults looking for thrills, especially with the use of drugs or with extreme sports. Being immobile generates in an inner tension and anxiety.
Diagnosis and treatment
Many children are quite restless, but do not have ADD or ADHD. There is an overdiagnosis of this disorder, especially among children, which led to an overmedication. Often the diagnosis is not right and when it is, there are often alternatives to psychiatric drugs, such as psychoanalytic psychotherapy. However, in some cases, drugs such as Ritalin® can be essential.