Clinical depression

Symptoms

Clinical depression

Clinical depression (or major depression) is a mental disorder which is mainly characterized by two symptoms:

- a depressed mood most of the day, particularly in the morning,

- a loss of interest in normal activities and relationships.

These two symptoms are present for at least two weeks every day. Other symptoms include:

- Fatigue or loss of energy almost every day,

- Feelings of worthlessness or guilt almost every day,

- Impaired concentration, indecisiveness,

- Insomnia or hypersomnia (excessive sleeping) almost every day,

- Markedly diminished interest or pleasure in almost all activities nearly every day (called anhedonia, often including sexual anhedonia),

- Restlessness or feeling slowed down,

- Recurring thoughts of death or suicide,

- Significant weight loss or gain (a change of more than 5% of body weight in a month),

- Aches and pains.

Treating a clinical depression

Psychoanalysis or psychoanalytic psychotherapy are indicated in most cases. Yet in the most severe ones, it is accompanied by a medical treatment to ease the pain for a certain period of time.

Clinical depression